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Title: Maharaja Duleep Singh

Classification: Watercolour painting

Artist(s): P. C. Trench 

Date: 1853

Dimensions: H. 17.5 in. x W. 21 in.

Museum number: S.M.99 (N.M.1961.379) 

Physical location: Section 1: Paintings, Prints, and Photographs

Collection: Princess Bamba Collection

Inscriptions: “MUHA RAJA DULLEEP SINGH [tab] Mussoorie [tab] 1853 [tab] P. C, Trench"

Bibliographic Reference(s): F. A. Khan, The Princess Bamba Collection Catalogue: Antiquities of Sikh Period (Lahore: Department of Archaeology, 1961), 10, cat. no. 44.

This watercolour painting depicts the teenager Duleep Singh astride a beautiful chestnut pony, captured in a rhythmic gallop. He is shown in a hilly area with several large trees. This was painted by P. C. Trench during the Maharaja’s trips to Mussoorie (a hill station in present day Uttarkhand, India) in the summer months of 1852 and 1853. Duleep Singh made these trips from Fattehgarh where he had been put up after his removal from Lahore in December 1849. The site shown in the painting could be the Castle Hill Estate near Landour Bazaar in Mussoorie, where he resided during these trips. 

The young Maharaja wears a blue jacket over a contrasting deep orange shirt and navy blue trousers with a broad golden vertical stripe running down the length of the trousers on each leg. The speed of the horse is in stark contrast with the static pose of its rider who calmly faces the artist to his right holding the light-coloured rein in his hands. The loosely dangling reigns also take away from the mount otherwise shown in full gallop.

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